What is Robotic Prosthetic Surgery?

Robotic technologies are used more widely in the world with each passing day. In parallel with the developments in technology, robots are widely used in medicine. In parallel with these developments, robotic technology has started to gain a place the field of orthopedics, as well. The number of orthopedic surgical operations performed using robotic technology is increasing day by day. Robotic technology is used in hip and knee joint replacement surgeries in the field of orthopedics. It is expected to be used in tumor removal, shoulder, and spine surgeries in the near future.

Robotic surgery involves auxiliary systems used in knee or hip replacement surgeries. The operation is planned, the patient’s data are evaluated, and the operation is performed with the help of robotic systems under the control of the surgeon. As even an experienced orthopedic surgeon is likely to adjust implant positions with a certain margin of error, new innovations have been sought. The most important features of Robotic Surgery include that the bone incisions planned to be made in the surgery are designed preoperatively in the computer environment, component positions are adjusted optimally, and bone incisions are made flawlessly with the help of a robotic arm. Thanks to positioning the implant optimally, implants lasts longer and they wear and loosen after a longer period of time. The entire procedure is performed by your physician. Robotic surgery requires special training and certification.

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  • What are the Advantages of Robotic Surgery?

    • More soft tissue preservation • Fewer bone incisions • Less post-operative pain • Shorter hospital stay • Shorter recovery time • Better movement • Higher patient satisfaction • More durable implants

  • Who are suitable candidates for robotic Prosthetic surgery (MAKOPLASTY)?

    Robotic surgery (MAKOPLASTY) is used for all patients who have severely worn-out hip and knee joints due to calcification (osteoarthritis). In addition, patients with hip calcification due to hip dislocation or avascular necrosis of the femoral head, especially those who do not respond to non-surgical treatment procedures, are ideal candidates for robotic surgery. Patients with knee joint calcification due to rheumatological diseases and fractures are candidates for robotic knee replacement surgery, as well.

  • For Which Joint Implants Can It Be Performed?

    The MAKOplasty robotic system we use can be used for the following types of implant: • Total hip implants • Total knee implants • Knee cap (patellofemoral) joint implants • Medial or lateral unicondylar (partial) knee implants • Bicondylar (both regions) knee implants

  • Does Robotic Prosthetic Surgery have any effect on implant life?

    The main factors affecting the life of all implants can be listed as; the position of the implant, the way of its placement, the patient's body weight, the way of using the implant, the patient's bone quality and his or her compliance with the physician's recommendations. Since MAKOplasty robotic surgery allows for the implant to be placed in the most ideal anatomical position according the patient’s structure and contributes to the proper adjustment of the soft tissue balance, it may have an effect on prolonging the life of personalized implants.

  • How is Robotic Prosthetic Surgery Performed?

    Robotic prosthetic surgery (MAKOplasty) provides each patient with special planning and personalized surgery. X-ray and CT scan images are uploaded into the system, and the planning is started. Using the pre-operative X-ray images of the patient, a 3D model of the joint is created with the system specially developed for this purpose. The physician mathematically determines the bone incision and implant sizes suitable for the patient, by analyzing the knee or hip model of the patient. Surgical planning can be made down to the smallest detail of the operation.

  • How does Robotic Prosthetic Surgery (MAKOPLASTY) work?

    The Robotic Arm Interactive Orthopedics System has the feature of three-dimensional pre-surgical planning. During surgery, the robot system provides the surgeon with real-time visual, tactual and auditory feedback to facilitate optimum positioning of the implants that constitute the joint prostheses. It is this optimal placement that can make the patient feel a more natural knee after surgery. It is the surgeon who performs the surgery, and the robot prevents the surgeon from making mistakes.

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Robotic Total Hip
Replacement Surgery

In robotic total hip replacement surgery(robotic), the operation is planned, the patient’s data are evaluated, and the operation is performed with the help of robotic systems under the control of the surgeon.

Before hip robotic total hip replacement surgery, three-dimensional planning is made using the robotic system. Since the route and range of motion of the patient’s joint is determined by the robotic system, the implant is placed in the patient’s hip structure in the most appropriate and correct way.

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Robotic Total Knee
Replacement Surgery

In robotic total knee replacement surgery, the operation is planned, the patient’s data are evaluated, and the operation is performed with the help of robotic systems under the control of the surgeon.

The bone incisions on the knee joint planned to be made in the surgery are designed preoperatively in the computer environment, component positions are adjusted optimally, and bone incisions are made flawlessly with the help of a robotic arm. The entire procedure is performed by your physician.

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Robotic Unicondylar (Half, Partial) Implant Surgery

It is a treatment option used in unicondylar knee replacement surgery. For partial implants, the robotic system targets the knee area only and knee replacement surgery can be performed by preserving healthy tissues.

Applying an implant only to the inner or outer side (compartment) of the knee joint is called unicompartmental knee replacement, and applying an implant to both sides is called bicompartmental knee replacement. has the feature of three-dimensional planning before knee replacement.

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High Comfort with Robotic Prosthetic Surgery

Prof. Dr. Olcay GÜLER, MD

Prof. Dr. Olcay GULER, MD works in the field of diagnosis and medical and surgical treatments of joint diseases. Robotic Prosthetic Surgery in particular is his main area of interest.

He has experience in robotic (MAKOPLASTY) implant surgery. With the MAKOPLASTY robotic system, he performs implant surgery on his patients.

The most important difference of the MAKOPLASTY robotic system from other systems is its robotic arm system.
www.drolcayguler.com

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